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Disorders of the Psittacine Gastrointestinal Tract

      The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is one of the most complicated organ systems in birds. The complexity of this organ system is underscored by knowledge that diseases affecting other organ systems in the body tend to impact the function of the GI tract. This review highlights some of the major GI diseases (infectious, neoplastic, toxic, and traumatic) that affect psittacine bird species.
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